Belize - History of Belize - Maya - Colonial Period

Belize history can be divided into four periods:

  • The ancient Mayan civilization;
  • The advent of Europeans in Belize;
  • Colonial period;
  • Beginning of the twentieth century and the present.
The ancient Mayan civilization

Maya Indians – a group of peoples who inhabited the vast territory of the south of Mexico, Guatemala, northern Honduras, El Salvador and Belize. These include Indians yukateki, choli, Lacandona, chontali, damn, chukha, Tzeltal, Tzotzil,-asymptotics, jakaltek people, hausteki, Quiche, pakoman, Poqomchi other. The total number of about 2.7 million people. When these peoples inhabited the jungles of Central America and where they came from -dostoverno unknown. At different times, scientists have sometimes completely opposite versions. According to current theory, people came to America from Asia during the Paleolithic, about fifty thousand years ago. At that time, the Bering Strait separates Asia and North America has not been filled with water and was Berigovym isthmus. On this isthmus people in search of food moved in the direction of the American continent and gradually it settled.

Maya civilization – the brightest civilizations of America. Of course issues related greater than answers. Why Maya settled in so uninhabitable place – the jungle of South Mexico? Maya invented accurate solar calendar and writing, in virtually Stone Age. They could predict eclipses, calculated the trajectory of motion of the planets with amazing accuracy. They also achieved excellence in architecture and painting. Maya built cities and settlements on the territory of modern Belize and Mexico and Guatemala.

Maya was writing. They recorded the important events in the large stones sections. Their records can still be read despite their age of two thousand years.Maya also recorded the events in the book of the bark of trees. only a few of these books have survived to our days. Many books have been burned by the colonialists as their appearance, the symbols and values ??of the Spanish inquisitors seemed satanic.

In Belize, you have a rare opportunity to travel back in time to the tens of thousands of years and touch this mysterious civilization. On the territory of the country Maya founded several large settlements, such as Altun Ha, Lamanai, El Pilar, Xunantunich and Caracol. Symym early settlement of the Maya considered Quelle, located in Orange Wouk (Belize). This settlement existed already 2000 years before our era.

Discover the ancient Mayan civilization!

Tourist department of our company Titoff Travel, organizes exciting excursions to ancient Mayan settlement. You can touch the ancient pyramids in the village of Xunantunich and Altun Ha, hear and learn a lot about the lives of the people of this mysterious epoch.

Appearance of Europeans in Belize

Since the 15th century, European countries such as Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, France and Britain began to actively build their overseas empires.These countries have expanded their political control, and culture in Africa, Asia, Oceania and America.

The first settlers in Belize were English pirates strikes fear in the Spanish ships carrying gold, silver, and wood from Central America to Europe. Since the mid-17th century, the pirates began to cut down the red mangrove trees of which received valuable dye for light industry in Europe.

Colonical Period

Until 1798 Belize was an overseas territory of Spain. In 1763, between Spain and the United Kingdom of Great Britain agreement was signed giving the right to cut down timber and export of red mangrove. The country is in a constant struggle for territory in Belize.

September 10, 1798 there was a battle between the Spanish and English, known as the Battle of St. George Island. The Spaniards were defeated and never tried to seize the land of Belize. Since then, the UK has received full authority in Belize

The Early Twentieth Century and the Present

By the early 1900s, Belize’s population has grown to forty thousand. In 1973, the colony’s name was changed to Belize, and September 21, 1981 was proclaimed the independence of Belize.